Concept of research, scientific method and experiment. Planning and execution of trials; Experimental designs and lay out; Research trial and observations; collection, processing and analysis of data; Measures of experimental variability; Interpretation and summarization of results; types of scientific writing and developing a research proposal; writing styles and best grammars, Presentations of scientific papers through oral and written communication, Process steps in publications of peer reviewed articles, Ethics in scientific paper writing (e.g. plagiarism.)