Education resources based on their nature are basically classified into the following categories: Human Resources, Financial Resources, Material/Physical Resources, Time Resource, and Information Resources.
a) Human Resources-Human resource constitutes a vital vein of any institution. The human resource in the school system includes teachers, support staff in the school, students, parents, community members and a host of other interest and social groups. Human resources is responsible for planning, organizing, coordinating, controlling, manipulating and maintaining other forms of resources, its administrative and forecasting ability placed it ahead of other forms of resources.
b) Financial Resources- Financial resources are the funds required for the smooth operations of a school and are regarded as the life-wire of any system. It is indeed a more critical facet with which other factors of administrations are created, maintained and sustained. In school administration, funds are necessary for the procurement of facilities, equipment, electronics and communication device needed for effective performance. Apart from this, funds are needed to pay the salaries of administrative, academic and non-academic staff.
c) Material/Physical Resources- These are the tangible resources that can easily be seen and observed in any institution. The physical resources include the structure, the machines, raw materials, vehicles, and other tools, which can facilitate organizations activities and processes. The physical resources may not be the same in all organization. In educational system, the physical resources would include the classrooms/lecture rooms, staff offices, vehicles, health centers, library, laboratory, and so on, which directly or indirectly contribute to the achievement of goals.
d) Time Resources- Time is a unique resource and is considered as one of the scarce resources known to man(Adedeji; 1998).Time is the most expensive of all resources due to its non-recoverable nature. Time utilization refers to the proper allocation of time to the various stages and tasks of administrative activities. The application of hours of duty to organizational activities is to ensure equal combination of time with other resources. The use of time is one of the parameters to measure an effective school administration. In a school system, time is managed through the use of a time table. Consequently, time management stands as an effective tool necessary for the organizations effectiveness in realization of set out objectives and goals (Ugwulashi,2012).e) Information Resources- ICTs stand for information and communication technologies and are defined, for the purposes, as a “diverse set of technological tools and resources used to communicate, and to create, disseminate, store, and manage information.” These technologies include computers, the Internet, broad casting technologies (radio and television), teleprompter and telephony. Information and communication are vital resources in any establishment more particularly for planning, policy making and decision making. Apart from enabling the public to be aware of the existence, activities and products of any organization, information and communication serve as means of getting the feedback from the public, clienteles and consumers.
- Teacher: Betta Tsemato