This course teaches the student to develop the technologies to control and manipulate the growth and activities of selected biological agents to create desirable products of economic importance. In addition to bacteria and yeasts, animal and plant cell cultures are now used to produce sophisticated products such as monoclonal antibodies, immune-modulating compounds, and complex plant metabolites. Industrial microbiology involves the utilization of microorganisms in the production of a wide range of products, including enzymes, foods, beverages, vaccines, antibiotics, organic chemicals, products useful in the food and beverage industry, healthcare, agriculture, chemical feed stocks, fuels and pharmaceuticals, and clean technologies employed for waste treatment and pollution control. By and large, this course is dedicated to cover the principles of various processes associated with the production and recovery of those valuable bio-products derived from prokaryotes and eukaryotes.