Ph.D. candidates will evaluate current research topics in the areas of their studies  (review recent literature) synthesize results and deliver open presentation.

The aim in this course is for students to learn tools and methods to collect, process, and visualize earth observation data for integrated water resources assessment. Students will learn how to process and analyze remote sensing data for 

(i) evapotranspiration estimation, 

(ii) drought monitoring, and 

(iii) flood inundation mapping. 

The course will also introduce the common remote sensing-based rainfall and soil moisture products. Calibration and validation of these products using a set of error metrics will be covered in line with recent advances. Through case studies, the practical sessions allow students to develop hands-on skills in using remote sensing software tools.


The main aim of this course is to provide the students a basic understanding of hydro-meteorological and hydrological processes together with the relationships between rainfall and run-off and hydrological measurements and modeling.

Course Outline         

  • Introduction – Hydrology and hydrological processes; rainfall and runoff characteristics at a point and over large areas
  • Measurement and monitoring of water cycle (evaporation, condensation, precipitation, runoff, stream flow, infiltration, percolation, and groundwater flow) and environmentally relevant applications based on case studies
  • Hydrograph and unit hydrograph: flood hydrograph, unit hydrograph, synthetic hydrograph, etc
  • Rainfall –Runoff Modeling, Flood Frequency Analysis and Probability Distribution
  • Remote sensing and GIS applications in hydrometeorology
  • Meteorological and hydrological forecasting for water resource management

Course description: Weather and climate; Climatological elements; Seasonal distribution over latitudes; Climatic classification; Humid and dry climates; Desert climate; Climatology of Ethiopia; length of day; Degree days ; Temperature; Rainfall and its variability; Arid and semi- arid regions; Aridity ; Moisture and soil drought; Climatological factors–their effects on insects, diseases,  weeds, crop growth and yield.

Course objectives

By the end of the course, soudent should have a better Under standing of :

1. The effect of different climatic variations on agriculture

2. Impact of climate change and global warming on agriculture

3. Climatic factors

4. Different cropping sysems in relation to climate and

5. The relevance of irrigation practices to increase crop productivity

At the end of this course the student will be able to understand

  • The opportunities and limitations involved in the application of coupled global models that integrate the various Earth system components (atmosphere, oceans, Cryosphere, pedosphere, and the human dimension) to study the relevance and role of these components in past, present, and future climate and global change. 
  • The balance equations, particularly for energy transfers at the surface and in the lower atmosphere.
  • Climate simulations using GCMs to estimate climate variability and change Climate simulations using GCMs to estimate climate variability and change.

The aim of the course is to familiarize the students with the emerging technologies and tools applicable in Meteorology and Climate Sciences and satellite data gathering techniques.

This course covers also the design, sensor specification, and the utility of past, present, and prospective airborne and spaceborne remote sensing systems that have earth resources observation and environmental monitoring as their primary objective.

Both active (radar) and passive (optical) systems will be covered.

Applications of digital data derived from these systems will be discussed and investigated utilizing digital image processing techniques.