Topic outline

  • Welcome to English For Research Report Writing

    English for Writing Research Papers | SpringerLinkWho is this Training for?


    • Researchers – The module contains practical activities for writing research papers and manuscripts with tips and guidelines for doing so.
    • Research students – research students may find this module helpful to self c0rrect when writing their theses and dissertations.
    • Research supervisors – supervisors who help research students can find this module to straighten their supervisees' language
    • Language editors – If you edit academic papers then you will find this module helpful in learning how to correct the typical errors that academics make when writing.

    However, this will be more effective if these bodies attend the training provided with the help of the module prepared for the purpose and read the resources supplied at the eLearning portal prepared for this purpose.


    Research as an academic practice is a common task of Higher Education students and instructors. A number of students and instructors are found to produce quality research. However, most report being challenged by the accuracy of the English Language they are writing with. This is not surprising since English is a foreign language to Ethiopia. Recognizing this challenge, the English Language Enhancement Center (ELIC) has planned to prepare tailored training. As a result, a need assessment was made by instructors from the Department of English Language and Literature involving instructors of the different campuses of the university. The data showed that instructors demanded for training on writing their research outputs with the best possible accuracy in their English. This involves language for writing manuscripts, proposals, theses and dissertations. Thus, this training module will specifically cover writing practices on abstract, background, problem statement, the scope of the study, the significance of the study, design and methodology of the study, results, discussions, conclusion, recommendations with real-life examples from manuscripts, proposals, theses and dissertations. At times you may see us shifting our focus from mere language of writing to writing of research or manuscript because they are difficult to separate.


    Many books on whole background, top view. Study concept Stock Photo - AlamyAt the end of this lesson: you will

    ·Identify how to start writing the background section
    ·Identify the strategies for writing the background section
    · Specify the general idea or topic and align it with the specific variables of the study.


    Learning Objectives:

    At the end of this section, you are going to:

    ·        Understand the use of the word ‘rationale’ and ‘statement of the problem’

    ·        Mention the reasoning or cause and effect words for writing the rationale

    ·        Learn the useful words and phrases for establishing a niche statement.

    ·        Learn useful words and phrases for indicating the research gaps in the methodology section

    ·        Learn useful Phrases/Words Indicating Gaps in the Discussion Sections

    To show the gap in the contents covered/not covered

    To show the gap in the methodology opted

    To show gaps in the discussion and interpretation made

    §  e.g., Previous studies neglected/ failed to consider…..


    §  e.g., The sampling was limited in several ways. First, …

    §  e.g., Though all the studies reviewed seem to claim x, their claim is inaccurate …